Immunodeficiency is the condition when the immune system is either absent or not functioning properly, which results in immune deficiency disease. The immune system is composed of white blood cells which are made in the bone marrow and travel through the bloodstream and lymph nodes. The white blood cells protect and defend against attacks by “foreign” invaders such as germs, bacteria, and fungi. Most commonly, immunodeficiency results as different cells are missing, creating a pattern of repeated infection and/or severe infections, and may attack the skin, respiratory system, ears, brain, spinal cord, or the urinary gastrointestinal tracts. Primary Immunodeficiency Disease Symptoms & Diagnosis : Serious Primary Immunodeficiency disease (PIDD) typically become apparent in infance. In milder forms, it often takes a pattern of recurrent infections before PIDD is suspected. In some cases, a PIDD is not diagnosed until people reach their 20’s and 30’s. Important signs that may indicate a PIDD include:
  • Recurrent, unusual or difficult to treat infections
  • Poor growth or loss of weight
  • Recurrent pneumonia, ear infections or sinusitis
  • Multiple courses of antibiotics or IV antibiotics necessary to clear infections
  • Recurrent deep abscesses of the organs or skin
  • A family history of PIDD
  • Swollen lymph glands or an enlarged spleen
  • Autoimmune disease
Primary Immunodeficiency Disease Treatment & Management : Research in primary immunodeficiency is making great strides, improving treatment options and enhancing the quality of life for most people with these complex conditions. If you or your child have symptoms of these sometimes critical conditions, you want the best care available. Visit with our allergiest who has specialized training to accurately diagnose and coordinate a treatment plan for PIDD. Recurrent Otitis Media Otitis Media is an inflammation in your ear and is commonly identified by an earache, difficulty or muffled hearing, high temperature or a liquid/puss draining from the ear. It’s important to consult your primary care doctor and an Ear, Nose & Throat doctor immediately if you are suffering severely from these symptoms. This condition is usually caused by a build-up of liquid in the ear because of an inflamed drainage tube. Sinusitis Sinusitis is infected fluid in the sinuses. There are four pairs of sinuses; maxillary sinuses (under the cheek), ethmoid sinuses (between the eyes), frontal sinuses (above the eyes), and sphenoid sinuses (back of the nasal cavity). Sinusitis can be one of the most difficult medical problems to diagnose as many of the symptoms overlap other common pediatric medical problems. While the etiology of sinusitis is varied, a strong link to allergies and asthma has been suggested. Colds, allergies and Sinusitis – How to Tell the Difference Cold weather is a prime time for stuffy noses, sore throats and watery, itchy eyes. But if your symptoms last more than a week, or if they seem to turn off and on based on your surroundings, you may be battling allergies or sinusitis. Proper diagnosis and treatment can lead to quicker recovery and less misery. Colds are caused by a virus where allergies are caused by exposure to allergens. Cold and allergies can both lead to sinusitis which occurs when the sinuses become swollen and blocks mucous from draining, leading to painful pressure and infection. People with allergies or asthma are more likely to develop sinusitis because their nasal and tissue can become swollen when they breathe in triggers like dust, pollen or smoke. When sinusitis is caused by an infection, antiobiotics are used to kill the bacteria. Other treatments can include decongestants, nasal sprays, hot packs, humidifiers or salt water rinses. For peope with allergies, there are steps you can take to reduce your risk of sinusitis. Your allergist/immunologist may recommend long-term treatments such as allergy shots, medication to control inflammation and avoidance of allergy triggers. cold-allergy-sinusitis Pneumonia Pneumonia is a common lung infection caused by bacteria, a virus, or fungi, and is caused when germs are breathed into the lungs. Conditions of pneumonia range from mild to severe in which treatment is based on age and overall health of the patient. Often, pneumonia is more likely to occur after having a cold or the flu as these types of illnesses make it hard for your lungs to fight infection. Also, having a long term, or chronic disease like asthma, heart disease, cancer, or diabetes may it more likely to get pneumonia.